Japanese air attack and heavily damaged on 5 April escorts in colombo. Japanese propaganda had an effect on some of the Sinhalese population, who now awaited their arrival.
The Japanese strike force advancing to the Indian Ocean. Somerville also deployed a small number of submarines. 1 or 2 April, but Nagumo had delayed the Japanese sortie by several days. Five more were sunk by submarines off India’s west coast. Upon receipt of Birchall’s warning Somerville again sortied from Adu Atoll, as soon as his ships were ready to sail, but his fleet was now too far west to intercept the Japanese raid prior to its first attack against Ceylon. 36 Zero fighters as escort.
RAF aircraft were on the ground as the Japanese flew overhead. Eighteen Japanese planes were lost to heavy anti-aircraft fire. The Japanese only admitted to five losses, three of them over land — as only three destroyed planes were discovered on land. The RAF lost at least 27 aircraft. Ceylon where they were proceeding at high speed to rejoin Somerville’s command. A second attack wave sank the ships, killing 424 men.
British aircraft carriers made contact with the Japanese carriers. Somerville continued to probe for the IJN carriers on the night of 5 April 1942 failing to find the IJN ships. The RN’s only opportunity to launch a strike against enemy aircraft carriers faded away. Japanese air attack on 9 April 1942. They were returning to port when they were discovered at 08:55. The Japanese lost five bombers and six fighters, one in a suicide attack on the Trincomalee fuel tanks.
The Japanese sortie demonstrated their superiority in carrier operations, and revealed that the RAF had not had time to fully prepare its Ceylon-based defences, but it did not destroy British naval power in the Indian Ocean. Nagumo’s force as it intended. It must also be stated that the Japanese fleet under Admiral Nagumo never located Admiral Somerville’s main fleet while Nagumo’s carriers were subjected to their first ever bombing attack on 9 April 1942. An invasion was feared by the British, who interpreted the Japanese failure to do so as due to heavy losses over Ceylon—and hence led to claims of a British victory. However, in reality the Japanese did not have the men, shipping or land-based air power to spare for an invasion and occupation, and were not even in a position to make a temporary occupation as a raid.
The island did not face a real threat of invasion at any point during the war. Ceylon, made in mid-April to personnel of the damaged airfield, at China Bay in Trincomalee Harbour. Sinhalese food rations were increased. Several minor mutinies against the British by native soldiers were quickly put down. Layton remained in Ceylon for most of the war. Later, Ceylon would become an important base for operations in support of Burma and carrier raids against Indonesia.
00 on 6 February 2011. Fremantle: Fremantle Arts Centre Press, 2001. Uses recently translated Japanese sources. This page was last edited on 3 March 2018, at 21:14.
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